Impedance

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Related wiki pages: Electronic Theory, Capacitors, Inductors, Ohm's Law

Impedance is a property of electrical circuits that "impedes" current from flowing. Fundamentally, there are two types of impedance: Resistance and Reactance.

The magnitude of impedance (represented by <math>Z\,</math>) of a circuit or component can be computed by taking the sum of the squares of the resistance (represented by <math>R\,</math>) and reactance (represented by <math>X\,</math>).


<math>Z = \sqrt{R^2 + X^2}\,</math>

However, it is more useful to represent impedance as a complex number and use it in phasor analysis.

Impedance can be used in the normal Ohm's Law equation:

<math>V = IZ\,</math>

where V is voltage and I is current. For working with alternating current, this is more correct than the usual direct current equation <math>V = IR\,</math>.


Electronic Theory
Physical quantities Current * Gain * Impedance * Power * Q of a circuit * Radiated Power Measurement * Reactance* Resistivity * Resonance * Voltage
Components Baluns * Bipolar-Junction Transistors * Capacitors * Diodes * Inductors* Lasers * Microphones * Resistors * Transformers * Wire
Circuits Attenuators * Digital Signal Processing (DSP) * Dummy load * Filters * LC filters * Power Supply Design * Rectifier Circuits
Design Amplifier Design * Oscillator Design
Electromagnetic Waves Relative power (Decibels) * Harmonics * Interference and BPL

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